Holster Cant – What You Can and Can’t Do About It

Holster Cant

Holster Cant

Is one cant better than the other? The short answer is: that depends. As with most things in life, everything is a trade-off and nothing is a one size fits all. At the end of the day it really comes down to personal preferences. Each offers slightly different advantages over the other. I can shoot and carry a 15 degree (or more) forward cant holster, and, I don’t find the forward cant grip not natural or uncomfortable, but I can see how others might.

Is there any truth to one being faster than the other? I really don’t know. I’m certainly not fast on the draw in the first place, but I’ve never honestly felt that a forward cant holster added any speed to my already slow draw. However, you may feel differently. I do; however, feel that a forward cant is better for concealment in an IWB holster.

First of all, let’s define the cant of a holster. The cant of a holster is simply the angle of the holster. A forward (or positive) cant means that the top of the holster is forward of the vertical. A holster is said to have a neutral cant when the top of the holster is exactly vertical (or zero degrees). A negative cant means that the top of the holster to the rear of the vertical center line. Holsters are made in all three configurations.

Western Competition Rig. Note the Negative Cant

Western Competition Rig. Note the Negative Cant

I remember watching fast draw competitions when I was a kid. The majority of fast draw holsters were “snap through, rear cant” holsters. The competitor simply “snapped’ the barrel of the handgun through the front-break of the holster, and since the barrel of the gun was already pointed at the target, less effort was made to bring the gun on target. Some of these competitors were blazingly fast. The holsters; however, were not conducive to everyday carry.

The "Duke" Holster

The “Duke” Holster

Switch to western movies; the Hollywood depiction of the old west. Two gun rigs hung low on the hips. Ideally (as I was taught from the movie “Shane”), the butt of the gun should be between the hand and the elbow. With my double-holstered rig and my cap guns, I tried out-drawing many a western actor while watching them on the tube – I was never successful (but it sure was fun trying to outdraw the “Cisco Kid”, Sheriff Matt Dillon, and others). Even “The Duke” was laughable in his early career with some of the rigs Hollywood made him wear. Later; however, “The Duke” came into his own stride and could carry a Colt Peacemaker like he was born with it.

I always have a chuckle of watching “cop” movies (even those made in modern times) where it was obvious that actor knew nothing about carrying a sidearm and was subject to the whim and whimsy of a prop person who also knew nothing about carrying a firearm. But, I digress.

As concealed carriers, we are not only concerned with concealment but with quick access to our best friend when carrying it. Of course, there are varying degrees of concealment and “deep” concealment is important when nobody needs to know that you are carrying a firearm but you. That usually means an “inside the waistband” holster of some type and I have seen great strides to perfect this holster over the years by many manufacturers and custom holster makers.

I once read a guideline about holster cant that really made sense to me, “As the holster’s position is rotated around the waist, the cant of the holster must change accordingly. For appendix carry, the holster cant should be negative, move to neutral when the holster is in-line with the hip, and then moves forward as the holster moves behind the hip.” I believe that the “FBI” cant (15-degrees positive) might have evolved from this principle.

Small of the Back Holster. Note Extreme Forward Cant

Small of the Back Holster. Note Extreme Forward Cant

With this thought in mind, it would be conceivable that as the holster is shifted rearward past the hip, the forward cant is increased until the middle-of the back is reached. Of course, the same logic holds true for the left-handed shooter because the holster is shifted around the left side of the body.

Crossdraw Holster (Note Negative Cant)

Crossdraw Holster (Note Negative Cant)

The Bianchi 3S IWB Holster Can Be Adjusted for Strong or Cross Draw Carry By Adjusting the Cant Angle

The Bianchi 3S IWB Holster Can Be Adjusted for Strong or Cross Draw Carry By Adjusting the Cant Angle

If you look at a “cross draw” holster, a negative cant also holds true since one would be drawing the firearm from the weak side, gun butt forward position; It is difficult to draw from a neutral cant, and almost impossible to draw from a forward cant holster from a cross-draw. A negative cant, to varying degrees, makes the cross-draw easier.

Let’s look at the two prominent holster cants; Straight and Forward:

Straight Cant:
Early holsters were only offered this way. The holster rides straight up and down on the belt. The draw is a simple up and then out motion.

Proponents of this cant make the following points:

  • The straight cant draw is a more natural motion, and therefore, faster.
  • Straight cant places the holster more in line with the natural extension of the arm making the draw or repeated draws less taxing on the joints of the hand and wrist.

Conversely, opponents of straight cant make the following points:

  • In larger weapons, the straight cant may allow the butt of the weapon to print when moving or bending.
  • In larger weapons, the straight cant places the bottom of the holster low so it can’t be concealed under a simple undergarment like a T-shirt.

Forward Cant:

The holster is canted forward at an angle (normally, 15-degrees – the FBI cant).

Proponents of this cant make the following points:

  • The forward cant allows for a faster draw as the weapon itself is already leaning towards the direction of the draw.
  • The cant places the butt of the weapon in line with the thickest part of your body offering better concealment with less printing.
  • The cant angle also brings the bottom of the holster up higher than a standard cant so it has less chance of sticking out the bottom of a simple concealment garment.

Opponents make the following counterpoints:

  • The grip and draw angle are “unnatural” and less effective than a straight cant.
  • The same grip and draw angle are detrimental to the joints over time, especially with sustained, repeated draws.

Cant Options (Courtesy of White Hat Holster)

Cant Options (Courtesy of White Hat Holster)

CBST (Courtesy of Crossbreed Holsters)

CBST (Courtesy of Crossbreed Holsters)

I think that the advent of the “hybrid” IWB holster really opened up the door for gun toting folks to customize the cant and ride of the IWB concealment holster to fit his or her particular needs. Holsters like the “Crossbeed Super Tuck” allow the user to adjust both ride height and cant of the holster. There are other holsters; however, that allow the user to adjust the cant using a captive swivel adjustment system (such as the Bianchi 3S). Custom holster makers may even makes holsters to your cant specifications, but most default to the 15-degree FBI cant in their products.

I have been experimenting with my SHTF Gear holster for the XDs lately. I prefer the holster to be as low as I can wear it, as I have somewhat of a long wingspread and too high of a holster makes for a tight and difficult grab of the gun butt. I prefer the top of the holster be as much in line with the top of my trousers as possible while allowing no interference from the trouser when holstering the firearm. I also like the majority of my holster to be below the waistline to add stability to the carry (if you have ever worn a high-ride IWB holster with a short-barreled revolver, you realize that there is a “tipping point” of the holster; the point where the holster tips outward and way from the body, which forces the butt of the gun to also go outward from the body). When I carry my Ruger SP101 2” version, it rides in a Crossbreed Super Tuck. There is enough “depth” of the holster inside the pants to keep the SP101 stable.

The cant of the holster needs to be such that I can conceal, as much as possible, the gun butt. With the XDs and a standard 5-round magazine, there is not a lot of grip or protrusion from the magazine. Swap that magazine with the 7-round version and the need to conceal a longer gun butt increases (especially when I bend over from the waist) to avoid printing as much as possible. Essentially, with the longer magazine in place, I have the equivalent of concealing a “Commander” sized 1911.

What seems to work (for me) is a cant somewhere around 20-degrees or so when wearing the holster just behind my right hip (3:15 position, perhaps?). With this degree of cant, the rear sights are tucked low against my side and low to my waistband, I can protect the XDs from accidental bumps while in a crowd, and the draw angle (for me) is not extreme. This positions the pistol on the body so that it doesn’t poke into me at uncomfortable “pressure points.” It keeps the grip tucked into the torso, so that it can’t flag out over top of the belt, printing through my shirt – even with a seven round magazine in place.

For IWB, a hybrid holster is hard to beat. The Kydex scabbard married with a leather backing is very popular and probably the most stable holster on the market. The Crossbreed, White Hat Holsters, Alien Gear holsters, SHTF Gear, and even the Galco King Tuk can normally be made or found in a size and configuration for your carry.

Advantages to the hybrid IWB holster are;

  • The holster scabbard (the Kydex shell) is molded for your particular firearm (in some cases, Kydex shells can be ordered for different firearms that utilize the same backing material).
  • The holster scabbard does not collapse when the firearm is not in the holster, like many IWB leather holsters will if they are reinforced.
  • The holster hold the firearm tight and close to the body, right where it needs to be for excellent concealment.
  • The holster scabbard may be customized with designs or manufactured in different colors and patterns
  • A variety of adjustments allow you to adjust the holster for ride height and cant. Note: most holsters are now manufactures with the 15-degree cant, you can add or subtract cant, as desired, with the adjustment screws.
  • A choice of attachments (clips or j-hooks) to your liking may be available.
    Backing materials can be cowhide, high-grade cowhide, or horse-hide and be natural or dyed.
  • Backing materials conform to the body. While stiff at first, you soon experience comfort as the backing begins to conform to your body contours. That makes for a very comfortable carry for long periods of time.
  • Sweat shields or combat cuts are possible.

SUMMARY:
The cant of a holster meant for IWB or OWB carry is an important factor that should not be taken lightly when choosing a holster that serves as a home for your defensive tool for most of its carry life.

Cant affects the ergonomics of the carry and of the draw of the firearm. Too little cant (or neutral) may be adequate for a fast draw but may hinder concealment. Too much cant may aid in concealment but affect the speed of the draw. A balance of holster ride height and cant must be taken into consideration along with holster material and other factors.

A Fine Example of  Hybrid IWB Holster from White Hat Holsters

A Fine Example of Hybrid IWB Holster from White Hat Holsters

A hybrid IWB holster generally offers the best solution for adjusting ride height and cant to your liking; it provides the freedom of choice that you can make rather than be locked into a manufacturer’s idea of how the holster is to fit you.

For IWB, I prefer the hybrid holster because of its versatility and adjustment features. For OWB, I prefer the pancake style with thumb break and the 15 degree “FBI” cant for strong-side carry for both revolver and pistol.

I hope all of this was informative. What I can’t help you with is your particular holster cant – you pretty much have to work that out for yourself. As in the opening statement of this article, at the end of the day it really comes down to personal preferences. Each cant option offers slightly different advantages over the other.

RESOURCES:

White Hat Holsters: http://www.whitehatholsters.com/

Crossbreed Holsters: http://www.crossbreedholsters.com/

Galco King Tuk: http://www.galcogunleather.com/kingtuk-iwb-holster_8_7_1176.html

Alien Gear Holsters: http://aliengearholsters.com/

SHTF Gear: http://www.shtfgear.com/index.php?_route_=Holster-by-Make

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About Taurian

Taurian is an Oath Keeper, veteran, former LEO and Defensive Tactics Instructor. Until retirement, Taurian had over forty-seven years of experience as a Technical Writer and Training Program Developer. After leaving home at the age of ten without any shoes, Taurian continues on with many years devoted to the keeping and bearing of arms.

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